Native Tubestock for Sale

Looking for plants that are grown locally?

Our Landcare Nursery volunteers, Christine, Wendy & David have been nurturing seedlings over the past 9 months.

There are a range of species but numbers are limited. If you’re not sure about what species to plant where, take a look at our planting guide.

Native plants grown with love & care, ready for a good home!
Perhaps your garden, gully or paddock?

Some plants are ready for planting now (N), others will be ready for spring planting (S) eg Acacia decora Western Silver Wattle ( 0-N, 29-S).

Contact Claudia if you would like to make a purchase.

Please email with your quantities and we will advise if they are still available. Payment is required to confirm order and before pick up can be arranged.

All plants $3.00
Financial members discount price $2.50 (what a good reason to renew your membership!)

 

Species Common name (quantity/planting time)
Eucalyptus blakelyi
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Eucalyptus crebra
Eucalyptus viminalis
 
Blakely’s Red Gum (13/S)
River Red Gum (27/N)
Narrow-leaved Red Ironbark (18/N)
Manna Gum (60/S)

N: ready to plant now
S: plant in spring

Future Proof Your Business

We are all experiencing a period of rapid change and huge disruption. On the back of drought and climate extremes, market and policy changes, it is a testing time for all rural people, businesses and communities. It impacts on us personally, our families, businesses, communities and our landscapes.

Resilience is the capacity to cope with change and continue to develop in a desired direction. It does not mean “bouncing back” or ploughing through and doing what we have always done. Applying resilience in practice requires an understanding of how resilience changes over time, what is causing that change and where and how to understand and intervene to influence its future direction.

A free, four part webinar series on resilience thinking with resilience leader, Paul Ryan, will be held in September and October. Participants will build on and develop their understanding and skills of how to manage resilience, how to work to make their own lives and communities more resilient to cope with the challenges that the world throws up.

Paul Ryan is passionate about rural people and places. He is the founding Director of the Australian Resilience Centre, an organisation that builds the capacity of regional communities and agencies facing uncertain futures. He does this through training, facilitation, mentoring, research and developing and supporting a national community of practitioners.

Paul has worked on issues as diverse as poverty and humanitarian relief, climate adaptation planning, disaster preparedness and recovery, sustainable agriculture, water and irrigation futures, community development, biodiversity, domestic violence, gender, cultural and youth issues.

Paul has worked internationally in Africa and South East Asia to apply resilience concepts in developing nations. He has previously worked for the Stockholm Resilience Centre, the Resilience Alliance, CSIRO and regional and state agencies. Paul grew up on a farm in northern Victoria where his family has been farming continuously for nearly 160 years.

The Future Proof Your Business webinar series is being hosted by Central West and Central Tablelands Local Land Services, together with Central West and Central Tablelands Landcare NSW, and will commence on Thursday, 17 September, with follow up sessions held fortnightly.

17 September, 12:00-12:45pm. What is resilience and why does it matter? Framing resilience, language and definitions, and discussing why building resilience matters in a farming business.

1 October, 12:00-12:45pm. Key resilience concepts – Systems, change and identity. The links between people and place. Learn about the ‘stress curve’ and how it can affect you.

15 October, 12:00pm-12:45pm. Understanding resilience in your system. Using the Iceberg model to understand system change, and talking through cycles of change.

29 October, 12:00pm-12:45pm. Designing resilient futures. Discussing resilience design principles, and implementing them.

To register visit: www.lls.nsw.gov.au/regions/central-west/events/cw-events/resilience-webinar-series or Google ‘Future Proof Your Business Local Land Services’ and follow the link.

This project is supported by Local Land Services, through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program and NSW Landcare program.

Powerful predators

As part of our Wild Encounters project, in today’s Catchment Corner we’ll be getting to know another of our region’s vulnerable creatures, the powerful owl.

Like all owls, the powerful owl (Ninox strenua) is nocturnal and due to very soft wing feathers can fly almost silently. They hunt by night and roost during the day, often with the previous nights catch held in their talons.

The powerful owl is Australia’s largest owl. An apex predator, named for its ability to carry prey weighing more than its own body weight. They feed predominantly on arboreal animals, medium to large tree dwelling mammals, but will also take bats, roosting birds and ground dwelling mammals such as rabbits.

The habitat of the powerful owl is tall, dense forests of south-eastern and eastern Australia. It is found along the coast and the Great Dividing Range, extending to the western slopes. Their home ranges are large, at least 2000 to 2500 acres, and can extend even further when food is scarce.

Breeding pairs often mate for life, typically returning to the same nesting site year after year. They utilise large tree hollows to incubate and raise their young. These large hollows, up to 1 m wide and 2 m deep, can take up to 150 years to form. The breeding season is in winter, mainly in May and June, and brooding occurs in September. The male does all the hunting during this time and may aggressively defend the nest.

The young fledge at 6-8 weeks but remain dependant on their parents for 5-9 months, and sometimes into the next breeding season. Once fully independent they leave their parents to find their own home range and a mate.

The survival of this large predator is dependant on the availability of large prey. An in turn, their food source is dependant on the presence of diverse native forests. Clearing and fragmentation of habitat and loss of large, mature, hollow-bearing trees from our landscape mean the species is listed as vulnerable in NSW and threatened nationally.

Have you seen a powerful owl on your patch? Let us know: info@watershedlandcare.com.au

The Wild Encounters project is supported by Watershed Landcare through funding from the Australian Government’s Communities Environment Program and is a part of the NSW Landcare Program, a collaboration of Local Land Services and Landcare NSW supported by the NSW Government.

Managing Holistically helping farmers and graziers to enhance their quality of life

Holistic Management (HM) is a land management strategy, founded on a decision making framework which results in ecologically regenerative, economically viable and socially sound management. Developed by Allan Savoury over 40 years ago, the approach provides strategies for managing domestic livestock based on the relationship of herds of wild herbivores and grasslands.

There are many examples worldwide of marginal land being turned into productive and profitable enterprises utilising HM principles. Landowners and managers around the world who have embraced the Holistic Management principles are reporting increases in soil carbon, increased productivity, better time management and a decrease in costs.

Landholders in our region will have the opportunity to undertake Holistic Management training at a course run by Inside Outside Management in Bathurst.

The course will provide an understanding of the holistic nature of our environment. Participants will learn how to make decisions that are simultaneously socially, environmentally and financially sound using the Holistic Framework; how to utilise animals as a positive tool to improve environmental health; create with a Holistic Context for themselves and their business/family; create a Holistic Financial plan and a property Holistic Grazing plan (if applicable); and improve time management and communication skills.

The 8-day course is structured as 4 two-day sessions, 4 to 6 weeks apart; Session 1 September 15-16, Session 2 October 27-28, Session 3 November 24-25, Session 4 December 8-9.

Email and telephone back up will be provided and participants are encouraged to to attend with partners or managers. This support assists greatly with adoption of change.

The course fee of $2200 (inc GST) per person includes 8 days of training, 500 page textbook, Holistic Management e-book manual, charts, worksheets and materials, as well as Grazing Planning and Financial Planning software, teas and lunch.

For more information visit: www.insideoutsidemgt.com.au

To express your interest in attending the Bathurst Holistic Management course Kerry Wehlburg, Inside Outside Management, 0428 894 578 or by email: kerry@insideoutsidemgt.com.au

Revegetating after fire in the Mid-Western Region

Last summer saw unprecedented bushfire activity in eastern Australia, making headline news around the globe. In the Mid-Western Regional Local Government Area 255,000 hectares were burnt, hundreds of properties were affected and multiple buildings destroyed, resulting in the Mid-Western Region being declared a Natural Disaster Area.

The impacts on biodiversity in our region were also devastating, with many animals killed, injured or displaced and large areas of vegetation destroyed.

As part of their community Bushfire Recovery support, Mid Western Regional Council is partnering with Watershed Landcare to provide bushfire affected landholders with native trees as part of their recovery.

The project will provide affected landholders with up to 40 native plants, tree guards and stakes to assist with re-vegetation of their properties.

The local species tubestock will be grown in the Watershed Landcare Nursery and will be available for planting in Autumn or Spring 2021. Landholders can purchase additional plants too, $3 per plant and $2.50 per guard and stake (ex gst). Additional discounts for Landcare Members apply.

Eligible landholders are invited to complete an Expression of Interest to participate in this opportunity. Expressions of Interest are now open and will close on Friday, 21 August 2020 at 5pm.

To submit an application visit: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/VMFQVSK

This project is supported by Watershed Landcare through funding from Mid Western Regional Council and is a part of the NSW Landcare Program, a collaboration of Local Land Services and Landcare NSW supported by the NSW Government.

Have you seen Quolls in the area?

As part of the Wild Encounters project, we will be investigating threatened species and biodiversity

in our local area. In this week’s Catchment Corner we will be taking a look at the Spotted-tailed Quoll, mainland Australia’s largest carnivorous marsupial.

The Spotted-tailed Quoll (Dasyurus maculatus) is about the size of a domestic cat and can be distinguished from the other Quoll species by the spots on its tail. Usually nocturnal, they are agile climbers but spend most of their time on the forest floor, using hollow logs, rocky outcrops and crevices to shelter and raise their young. Spotted-tailed Quolls have a distinctive bounding gait and a call “like a blast from a circular saw”.

Their diet consist predominantly of medium-sized mammals but this efficient predator will take prey ranging from insects to small wallabies. Carrion is also an important component of the diet.

Habitat includes rainforest, open forest, woodland, coastal heathland and inland riparian forest.

Quolls typically travel along creek lines hunting for gliders, possums, bandicoots, rats, birds and lizards and their home ranges can cover up to 3000 ha. Although their natural habitat is the forest floor, they have learnt to travel across open country; especially farms where they find abundant and accessible food such as rabbits and poultry.

The species used to be widely distributed up to the snowline along both sides of the Great Dividing Range from southern Queensland to South Australia and Tasmania.

Loss of habitat through land clearing for agriculture and forestry has lead to population decline. Quolls were also treated as pests in agricultural landscapes; their love of chicken lead to extensive

extermination through poisoning, trapping and shooting.

Although populations in Tasmania have somewhat recovered, continued habitat fragmentation and competition from introduced predators such as the feral cat and fox have lead to the species being

listed as vulnerable in NSW and endangered nationally.

Have you seen a quoll at your place? Let us know: info@watershedlandcare.com.au

The Wild Encounters project is supported by Watershed Landcare through funding from the Australian Government’s Communities Environment Program and is a part of the NSW Landcare Program, a collaboration of Local Land Services and Landcare NSW supported by the NSW Government.

What helps the environment, saves money and feeds the soil at the same time?

Did you know that each year, Australian households generate around 13 million tonnes of organic waste and that about half of that ends up in landfill?

With so many of us spending more time at home due to COVID-19 it’s a great time to pay closer attention to what we put in our rubbish bins. Typically, about half of what we throw away could be put to better use.

Compost is not only a valuable organic resource (plants love it and it helps to build healthy soils) but also it reduces the volume of material going to landfill, the associated detrimental environmental effects and makes economic sense too.

Diverting organic materials from landfill and properly composing them can help in the effort to mitigate the effects of climate change by reducing methane emissions and contributing to soil carbon storage.

Organic materials such as food scraps and garden waste breakdown to methane when decomposing without air in landfill conditions. Methane, a greenhouse gas, is 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide so reducing its emissions is an important factor in combating climate change.

Using compost as a fertiliser or soil conditioner returns carbon into the soil, where it can be locked up or utilised for plant growth, rather than being emitted into the atmosphere.

Landfill is the most expensive form of waste management and while it’s free to drop your rubbish off at the Mid-Western Regional Council waste stations, don’t be fooled – as ratepayers we fund the operation and maintenance of these facilities.

The existing landfill cell at the Mudgee Waste Depot will reach capacity within 10 years. As space runs out and alternatives need to be sought, costs are likely to increase. So reducing the amount of organic waste going in will prolong the life of the existing landfill site and reduce the costs long term.

Composting reuses food waste and nutrients are recycled into fertiliser. By applying compost to gardens, farms and other land uses, nutrients are returned to the soil to feed diverse soil life. The bacteria, fungi, insects and worms in compost support healthy plant growth, rather than letting organic waste rot away in landfills.

So start a compost heap (or worm farm or get a few chooks to take care of the scraps), reduce waste and your carbon footprint. With spring just around the corner, your garden will love it. Happy composting!

Quantifying the benefits of multi-species pasture crops on animal performance and soil health

Through the Landcare Excellence in Sustainable Farming Grants, Watershed Landcare have been working in collaboration with farmer, Colin Seis, to establish a grazing demonstration site to gather empirical evidence to compare animal performance and environmental benefits on a multispecies pasture crop and barley crop.

Growing evidence from the USA and Australia has shown that multispecies crops and pasture diversity increase soil carbon, nutrient cycling, and improve soil biology and farm ecosystems. However, data in the grazing context is limited and this project will build on this understanding. This is particularly relevant in our region as fodder crops are often utilised to supplement pasture during the winter feed gap.

The project was funded through the Meat & Lifestock Australia (MLA) Landcare Excellence in Sustainable Farming Grants, a partnership of Landcare Australia and MLA as part of their community focused Australian Good Meat initiative.

The demonstration site was set up at ‘Winona’, located 20 km north of Gulgong, NSW. ‘Winona’ consists of 840 ha which runs 4000 merino sheep for wool, merino lamb, and mutton production. The property’s pasture is restored native grassland consisting of 50 native grassland species.

The trial site was split into 2 sections, ~10 ha each, to compare animal performance and soil health indicators on single species and multi-species pasture crops.

The single species plot was plated with barley and the multi-species plot planted with a mix of barley, field pea, faba bean, Winfred forage brassica, tillage radish and turnip. Both plots were grazed heavily and treated with a knock down herbicide prior to zero till cropping into dormant native grassland in early March.

Two mobs of lambs were put onto the trial plots in early May. Initial individual weights were recorded and monitored throughout the trial.

Soil chemistry (including trace elements), pasture species composition, crop biomass and soil structure indicators were also monitored throughout the trial. The data collected will be used to compare lamb weigh gains and environmental benefits on a multispecies pasture crop and single species (barley) crop.

Data and results from the first year of the trial are currently being collated and will be presented at an on-farm field day later in the year.

The grazing trial will be extended for 5 years to provide a sufficient time frame to show meaningful trends in changes in soil carbon and nutrient cycling.

Boost to Landcare in the region

As part of the NSW Landcare Program 2019 – 2023, Landcare networks in the Central Tablelands LLS region will have enhanced capacity to improve their governance, communication, partnerships and ability to coordinate on ground activities.

The $22.4 million investment co-delivered by Landcare NSW and NSW Local Land Services will continue to employ 72 Local Landcare Coordinators as well as 12 new Regional Landcare Coordinator roles across NSW.

Building on the Local Landcare Coordinator Initiative 2015-2019, the funding will provide continued support for employment of Local Landcare Coordinators in the Central Tablelands Landcare, Lithgow Oberon Landcare, Little River Landcare, Mid-Lachlan Landcare and Watershed Landcare networks.

The Central Tablelands Landcare Network has also welcomed Sharon Cunial into the newly created Regional Coordinator role. The position will provide a key resource to boost the capacity of grassroots landcare and provide opportunities for regional project development and delivery.

“I’ve been extremely fortunate to come to the Central Tablelands region where the five Landcare Networks and volunteer groups are highly capable and achieving meaningful outcomes in their communities and on the ground.” said Sharon.

“As a Regional Landcare Coordinator I aim to support the networks but I’m also here to provide support for smaller Landcare Groups to build their capacity and participate in Landcare activities in the region.” she continued.

Sharon has a technical background in river management, has worked as a Landcare Coordinator with Macleay Landcare Network in the Kempsey Shire Council and most recently as a soil health project officer in the North Queensland Dry Tropics. But she’s no stranger to the Central Tablelands, coming home to live on the family farm near Orange.

“I appreciate the diversity of Landcare activities across this region from grazing support to bat surveys and tree planting. It’s a real reflection of how Landcare nimbly responds to the needs and interests of their local community, particularly during hard times.” said Sharon.

“COVID-19 and social distancing rules have certainly impacted my ability to get out into the regions and meet with groups on the ground however, I believe we’ve all discovered amazing opportunities to connect with each other, learn and collaborate from the comfort of our homes.”

The additional support the role will bring to networks and groups in the region will further strengthen regional partnerships and empower community action on local problems and deliver outcomes across local and regional issues.

“I really appreciate collaborating with our project partners, particularly the Regional Agriculture Landcare Facilitator, Liz Davis at the Central Tablelands Local Land Services. Together we’re able to bring more resources and opportunities to the Landcare community in the region. We also collaborate with our equivalents in the Central West region.” said Sharon.

“For me and the RLC role, the next three years is about supporting Landcare networks and groups to build skills, resources and opportunities to participate in environmental and sustainable agriculture activities. The future is about telling the Landcare story so that the broader community can see and value the contribution that Landcare makes to securing our future.”

Positive rainfall outlook for spring

The latest Climate Driver Update released by the Bureau of Meteorology suggests an increased chance of above average rainfall across much of Australia during spring. Climate models are indicating a 50% chance of La  Niña forming in 2020 and the possibility of a negative Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) developing by early spring.

The forecast for spring is looking good, so how do we make the most out of all that water?

One of the best places to store water in our garden or on our farms is in the soil, where it will be available for plant growth long after the rain has stopped. But how do we make sure it gets in there?

Barren soil impedes the infiltration of water into the sub-soil layers. Soil which has been left bare forms an impervious layer on the surface so water runs off rather than soaking in.

The resulting run off causes erosion, washing valuable top soil into dams, creeks and rivers.

Ground cover, a layer of mulch or living plants, increases infiltration of water into the soil. In turn this reduces erosion by decreasing the amount of run off and slowing the flow of water over the surface.

In grazing systems, native grasses provide one of the cheapest and most effective ground covers.

In most instances, native grasses do not need to be sown as they either already exist in a pasture or the seed bank is there. They are perennial so not only provide feed for livestock year round but also have deep root systems which are capable of reaching deeper water.

This means native grasses can sustain active growth, providing green pick and good ground cover, longer than their introduced counterparts.

Native pastures are also relatively easy to manage for ground cover simply through grazing management.

Additionally, native grasses do not require fertilisation, in fact some are hindered by excessive nutrients, so native pastures are cheap to maintain, requiring little inputs other than some consideration from the land manager.

Wallaby Grass: native grasses provide effective ground cover and are easy to manage.

As we move into spring and the temperatures warm up maintaining good ground cover becomes even more important.

A good layer of ground cover prevents the suns rays from directly hitting the soil and lower soil temperatures mean less evaporation.

Evaporation is also reduced by creating a humid environment on the soil surface. Whether that is a layer of living plants or mulch, that humid barrier reduces the flux of water from the wet soil environment into the dry atmosphere.

As much as we all like to see our dams full, before the next time it rains consider the following: Do you want all the rain that falls on your place (and the top soil it takes with it) to end up in a dam where its unavailable for plant growth and exposed to evaporation? Or, deep in the soil…